Framework of Egyptian History The original outline for the study of Egyptian History was delivered by an Egyptian priest and historian, Manetho. Manetho lived in the early third century B.C.E. and split the Egyptian history into thirty-one dynasties of kings. As a result of his list of thirty-one dynasties, historians have come to believe the Egyptian kingdom was divided into three major periods; the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.
These three periods were described as having long-term stability due to strong monarchical authority, competent bureaucracy, freedom from invasion, construction of temples and pyramids as well as cultural and intellectual activity.